AskDefine | Define stain

Dictionary Definition

stain

Noun

1 a soiled or discolored appearance; "the wine left a dark stain" [syn: discoloration, discolouration]
2 (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
3 the state of being covered with unclean things [syn: dirt, filth, grime, soil, grease, grunge]
4 a symbol of disgrace or infamy; "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis [syn: mark, stigma, brand]
5 an act that brings discredit to the person who does it; "he made a huge blot on his copybook" [syn: blot, smear, smirch, spot]

Verb

1 color with a liquid dye or tint; "Stain this table a beautiful walnut color"; "people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages"
2 produce or leave stains; "Red wine stains the table cloth"
3 make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically; "The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man" [syn: tarnish, maculate, sully, defile]
4 color for microscopic study; "The laboratory worker dyed the specimen"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A discoloured spot or area
  2. A blemish on one's character or reputation
  3. A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it
  4. A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible

Derived terms

Translations

A discoloured spot or area
  • Kurdish:
A blemish on one's character or reputation
A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it
A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible

Verb

  1. To discolour something
  2. To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
  3. To coat a surface with a stain
  4. To treat a microscope specimen with a dye

Translations

To discolour something
  • Kurdish:
To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
To coat a surface with a stain
To treat a microscope specimen with a dye

Extensive Definition

A stain is a discoloration that distinguishes itself from the material on which it is found. It can be unintentional, in the case of domestic stains on fabric, cloth, or other material, or it can be intentional. Stains are used intentionally in a variety of fields, including research (biochemical staining), technology (metal staining), and art (wood staining, stained glass.)
Different types of material can be stained by different substances, and stain resistance is an important characteristic in modern textile engineering. Various laundry techniques exist to attempt to remove or minimize existing stains, and stain removers are an important type of chemical in laundry detergents. Some stand-alone stain removers also exist.
It is caused by the drying of a liquid or food.

Substances that may create stains

Fabrics

Stain removers

Stain Remover Origins

  • Zed
  • Goo Gone
  • Folex

See also

External links

stain in German: Fleck (Verschmutzung)
stain in French: Tache
stain in Sicilian: Tacca
stain in Simple English: Stain

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

apply paint, aspersion, attaint, badge of infamy, bar sinister, bastardize, baton, bedaub, bedizen, begild, bend sinister, besmear, besmirch, besmoke, besmutch, besoil, bespatter, bestain, birthmark, black, black eye, black mark, blacken, blaze, blaze a trail, blemish, bloodstain, blot, blotch, blow upon, blur, brand, broad arrow, brush on paint, brutalize, calcimine, caste mark, censure, chalk, chalk up, champain, check, check off, checkmark, chromogen, cicatrix, cicatrize, coat, coat of paint, coating, color, color filter, color gelatin, colorant, coloring, complexion, contaminate, corrupt, cover, cut, dab, dapple, darken, dash, daub, dead-color, debauch, deep-dye, defame, defect, defile, define, delimit, demarcate, demoralize, deprave, dip, dirty, disapprove, discolor, discoloration, disgrace, disparage, disparagement, distemper, dot, double-dye, drier, dye, dyestuff, earmark, emblazon, enamel, engild, engrave, engraving, expose, expose to infamy, exterior paint, eyesore, face, fast-dye, flat coat, flat wash, flaw, fleck, flick, floor enamel, flyspeck, freckle, fresco, gash, gibbet, gild, glaze, gloss, grain, graving, ground, hack, hang in effigy, hatch, hue, illuminate, imbue, impress, imprint, imputation, ingrain, interior paint, japan, jot, lacquer, lay on color, lentigo, line, macula, maculation, macule, make a mark, mark, mark of Cain, mark off, mark out, marking, medium, mole, mottle, nevus, nick, notch, odium, onus, opaque color, paint, parget, patch, pencil, pepper, pervert, pigment, pillory, pillorying, point, point champain, polka dot, prick, prime, prime coat, primer, priming, print, punch, punctuate, puncture, reflection, reprimand, reproach, riddle, ruin, scar, scarification, scarify, scorch, score, scotch, scratch, scratching, seal, seam, sear, shade, shadow, shame, shellac, singe, slop on paint, slubber, slur, smear, smirch, smoke, smouch, smudge, smut, smutch, soil, soilage, soilure, spatter, speck, speckle, splash, splatter, splotch, spoil, spot, stamp, stigma, stigmatism, stigmatization, stigmatize, stipple, strawberry mark, streak, striate, stripe, sully, taint, tar, tarnish, tattoo, tattoo mark, tempera, thinner, tick, tick off, tinct, tinction, tincture, tinge, tint, tittle, tone, trace, transparent color, turpentine, turps, undercoat, undercoating, underline, underscore, varnish, vehicle, vilify, wash, wash coat, watermark, whitewash
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